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Document ID (ISN)38674
CIS number 82-1955
ISSN - Serial title 0007-1072 - British Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 1981
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Checkoway H., Smith A.H., McMichael A.J., Jones F.S., Monson R.R., Tyroler H.A.
Title A case-control study of bladder cancer in the United States rubber and tyre industry
Bibliographic information Aug. 1981, Vol.38, No.3, p.240-246. 25 ref.
Abstract Report of a case-control of 220 cases of bladder cancer in 5 US rubber and tyre companies to determine if there were high-risk jobs and work areas within the industry. Cases were matched with 2 controls by sex, race, year of birth and company, and with an additional control by year of hire and duration of employment. Comparison of the work histories of cases and controls showed that cases were more likely than controls to have worked in milling and calendering. The relative risk estimates for milling and calendering both exhibited linear trends of increase with duration of exposure. Jobs in both milling and calender operation entail handling of heated uncured stock and potential exposure to volatilised rubber chemicals including antioxidants, antiozonants, accelerators and organic solvents.
Descriptors (primary) carcinogens; tyre manufacturing industry; bladder tumour; rubber industry
Descriptors (secondary) vulcanization accelerators; USA; comparative study; organic solvents; antioxidants; mills and calenders
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Rubber industry
Diseases of the kidney and the urinary system