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Document ID (ISN)36279
CIS number 81-1608
ISSN - Serial title 0003-9896 - Archives of Environmental Health
Year 1980
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Brooks S.M., Anderson L., Emmett E., Carson A., Tsay J.Y., Elia V., Buncher R., Karbowsky R.
Title The effects of protective equipment on styrene exposure in workers in the reinforced plastics industry
Bibliographic information Sep.-Oct. 1980, Vol.35, No.5, p.287-294. Illus. 23 ref.
Abstract Serial measurements of the biologic indicators of styrene exposure were made on 8 female workers during 4 consecutive days using the experimental conditions: gloves and protective clothing only; respirator only; gloves, protective clothing and respirator; no clothing or respirator protection. A factorial analysis of the two types of protection showed that levels of styrene in venous blood and expired breath and urine mandelic and phenylglyoxylic acid excretion were no different when gloves/clothes were used as protection compared to no protection. Significant reduction in all biologic indices occurred when respiratory protection was used. Cutaneous absorption of styrene is not a significant exposure source and does not contribute to the body burden of styrene. Respiratory protective devices are the most effective means for reducing styrene absorption. Skin protection is required because of the risk of dermatitis.
Descriptors (primary) glass fibre reinforced plastics; styrene; biological effects; plastics converting industry; personal protective equipment
Descriptors (secondary) gas removing respirators; protective gloves; exposure evaluation; mandelic acid; phenylglyoxylic acid; protective clothing
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Aromatic hydrocarbons
Personal protection