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Document ID (ISN)32928
CIS number 80-547
ISSN - Serial title 0099-0027 - Professional Safety
Year 1979
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Komanski J., Barwick K.D., Scott L.R.
Title A behavioural approach to occupational safety: Pinpointing and reinforcing safe performance in a food manufacturing plant.
Bibliographic information Oct. 1979, Vol.24, No.10, p.19-28. 53 ref.
Abstract Behaviour analysis was used to improve worker safety in the makeup and wrapping departments of a wholesale bakery. Desired safety practices were identified, permitting construction of codes suitable for observing workers' on-the-job performance over a 25-week period. The intervention consisted of an explanation and visual presentation of the desired behaviours, as well as frequent, low-cost reinforcement in the form of feedback. Employees in the 2 departments substantially improved their safety performance, from 70% and 78% to 96% and 99% respectively, after the staggered introduction of the programme. During the reversal phase, performance returned to baseline (71% and 72%). The intervention, particularly the frequent feedback, was effective in improving safety performance. Employees reacted favourably to the programme, which the company was able to maintain, with a continuing decline in the injury frequency rate. Behaviourally defining and positively reinforcing safe practices may be a viable approach to accident reduction.
Descriptors (primary) bakery products industry; safety programmes; accident research; psychology of accident prevention
Descriptors (secondary) rolling machines for food processing; mixing, kneading; human behaviour; information of personnel; behaviour study; safety training in industry; wrapping
Document type -
Subject(s) Food, beverage and tobacco industries
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Psychological factors
Food industry
Safety programmes
Accident research