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Document ID (ISN)112417
CIS number 12-0171
ISSN - Serial title 0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2011
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Samson E., Telle-Lamberton M., CaŰr-Lorho S., Bard D., Giraud J.M., Metz-Flamant C., Neron M.O., Quesne B., Acker A., Tirmarche M., Hill C.
Title Cancer mortality among two different populations of French nuclear workers
Bibliographic information Aug. 2011. Vol.84, No.6, p.627-634. Illus. 9 ref.
Internet access Cancer_mortality_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Abstract The aim of this study was to examine the effect of external photon radiation on the mortality of two populations of French nuclear workers, those exposed only to external photon radiation and those potentially-exposed also to internal contaminations and to neutrons. External photon radiation was measured through individual dosimeters. Potential exposure to internal contamination or to neutrons was assessed by experts on the basis of quantitative measurements or of worksite and type of activity. The mortality observed in each population was compared with that expected from national mortality statistics, by computing standardized mortality ratios. Dose-effect relationships were analyzed through trend tests and log-linear Poisson regressions. A total of 14,796 workers were exposed only to external photon radiation, while 14,408 workers were also potentially exposed to internal radiation or to neutrons. Overall healthy worker effects were observed in both populations (SMR 0.59). However, an SMR of 2.41 was observed for malignant melanoma among workers of the second population. Significant dose-effect relationships were observed among workers exposed only to external photon radiation for leukemia, and in the other population, for cancers and other diseases related to tobacco or alcohol consumption.
Descriptors (primary) France; ionizing radiation; nuclear fuel processing; mortality; cancer; exposure evaluation; risk factors
Descriptors (secondary) alcoholism; smoking; leukaemia; confounding factors; healthy worker effect; cohort study; statistical evaluation; dose-response relationship
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Radiation
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Physical hazards
Browse category(ies) Cancer and carcinogens
Ionizing radiation