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Document ID (ISN)112173
CIS number 11-0803
ISSN - Serial title 0339-6517 - Documents pour le médecin du travail
Year 2011
Convention or series no. TC 136
Author(s) D. Géhin, Le Bâcle C.
Title Endotoxins in occupational settings - I. Origins and toxic properties of endotoxins. Metrology.
Original title Endotoxines en milieu de travail - I. Origine et propriétés toxiques des endotoxines. Métrologie [in French]
Bibliographic information 2nd quarter 2011, No.126, p.225-240. Illus. 77 ref.
Internet access TC_136.pdf [in French]
Abstract Review article on endotoxins, which consist of Gram negative bacterial wall constituents which are responsible for systemic occurrences such as septic shock when infected by such bacteria. Lipopolysaccharides which are the biologically active elements of endotoxins cause reactions of the immune system, coagulation and inflammation. Endotoxins are generally implicated in cases of acute respiratory distress syndrome and certain hepato-biliary diseases. Although not frequently undertaken, endotoxin determination in bioaerosols in gradually increasing. Contamination of respiratory pathways in occupational settings causes cough, dyspnea and asthma, often associated with fever.
Descriptors (primary) bacterial toxins; inflammations; cardiovascular disorders; asthma; dyspnoea; macrophages; immunotoxic effects
Descriptors (secondary) aerosols; determination in air; biological hazards
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Biological hazards
Browse category(ies) Biological hazards