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Document ID (ISN)112164
CIS number 11-0799
ISSN - Serial title 0003-6870 - Applied Ergonomics
Year 2011
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Milosavljevic S., Gregory D.E., Pal P., Carman A.B., Milburn P.D., Callaghan J.P.
Title The interaction between skill, postures, forces and back pain in wool handling
Bibliographic information Nov. 2011, Vol.42, No.6, p.801-806. Illus. 15 ref.
Abstract Wool handling is an important rural occupation where workers process 200 or more fleeces daily, separating them into various quality components. Loads and postures they experience carry substantial risk of low back pain (LBP). Although a formal skill training structure exists, interaction with loads and LBP is unknown. This study examined whether skill and LBP influenced trunk postures and loads of 60 wool handlers representing three skill levels. LBP prevalence ranged from 20% for junior (lowest skill) to 45% for open class (highest skill) wool handlers. Open class wool handlers demonstrated increased lateral bend and more axially twisted postures, generating greater medio-lateral shear forces and lateral bend and axial twist moments. LBP was associated with open class wool handlers spending more time in severe axially twisted postures. These findings suggest that skill-based training needs to be reviewed to reduce the quantity of axially twisted posture which may help reduce the prevalence of LBP in this workforce.
Descriptors (primary) manual handling; backache; work posture; ergonomics; wool industry; risk factors
Descriptors (secondary) New Zealand; lumbar column; posture recording; experience; ergonomic evaluation
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Materials handling and storage
Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Physiology, ergonomics
Browse category(ies) Agriculture
Ergonomics
Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
Work posture