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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)112035
CIS number 11-0712
Year 2010
Convention or series no.
Author(s) de la Torre S., Gasimbi I., Bhat D., Posner J., Noel M., Masembe V., Songa J., Hossain I.
Title Protecting at risk cadres of health workers from medical transmission of HIV and hepatitis B and C through injection safety interventions
Bibliographic information 2010, Vol.7, Suppl.1, p.152.
Internet access Protecting_at_risk.pdf [in English]
Abstract This study on work practices and awareness of HIV and hepatitis B and C among medical waste disposal workers in several developing countries was presented in a poster session at an international symposium on HIV and emerging infectious diseases held on 24-26 March 2010 in Marseille, France. The study was part of a broader programme aimed to improve injection safety and healthcare waste management practices in eleven developing countries. Cross-sectional studies were carried out to evaluate progress in these areas. Observations of waste management practices and interviews were carried out with waste handlers at several sited. Surveys across countries showed that majority are aware of HIV, but not of hepatitis B or C. In Kenya, 91% of waste handlers mentioned HIV, but only 33% mentioned hepatitis B, and 5% hepatitis C. Only three waste handlers reported receiving all three doses of the hepatitis B vaccination in Kenya while in Uganda, only one waste handler interviewed was fully vaccinated at follow-up. The percent of waste handlers who reported having personal protective equipment varied widely between countries, with 55% in Kenya reporting having heavy duty gloves and boots, while only 7% of waste handlers reporting the same in Haiti. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Descriptors (primary) immunodeficiency syndrome; infectious hepatitis; needle-stick injuries; safety consciousness; health care personnel; biological hazards; developing countries
Descriptors (secondary) Kenya; Uganda; Haiti; cross-sectional study; job study; disposal of harmful waste; supply of personal protective equipment; conference
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Biological hazards
Browse category(ies) Waste collection and disposal
Health care services
OSH in developing countries
Biological hazards