ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)111986
CIS number 11-0728
ISSN - Serial title 0001-4575 - Accident Analysis and Prevention
Year 2011
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Gershon P., Shinar D., Oron-Gilad T., Parmet Y., Ronen A.
Title Usage and perceived effectiveness of fatigue countermeasures for professional and nonprofessional drivers
Bibliographic information May 2011, Vol.43, No.3, p.797-803. 27 ref.
Abstract The objective of this study was to compare usage patterns and evaluate the perceived effectiveness of different coping behaviours adopted by professional and nonprofessional drivers in order to maintain alertness. It was conducted by means of a questionnaire survey among 100 professional and 90 nonprofessional drivers. Listening to the radio and opening the window were the most frequently used and also perceived as highly effective coping behaviours by both groups of drivers. Talking on a cellular phone or with a passenger were more frequently used by nonprofessional drivers whereas, planning rest stops ahead, stopping for a short nap and drinking coffee were more frequently used by professional drivers. These methods were also perceived as more effective by professional than by the nonprofessional drivers and their usage frequency highly correlated with their perceived effectiveness. Nonprofessional drivers counteract fatigue only at the tactical/maneuvering level of the drive. Hence, they tend to adopt methods that help them pass the time and reduce their feeling of boredom but do not require advance preparations or adjustments in the driving. In contrast, professional drivers counteract fatigue also at the strategic/planning level of driving, and use a much larger repertoire of coping behaviours.
Descriptors (primary) drivers; fatigue; human behaviour
Descriptors (secondary) vigilance; subjective assessment; questionnaire survey
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Transport and communications
Occupational physiology
Broad subject area(s) Physiology, ergonomics
Browse category(ies) Fatigue
Vigilance
Road transportation