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Document ID (ISN)111681
CIS number 11-0395
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2010
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Kobal A.B., Grum D.K.
Title Scopoli's work in the field of mercurialism in light of today's knowledge: Past and present perspectives
Bibliographic information 2010, Vol.53, p.535-547. Illus. 95 ref.
Abstract The mercury mine at Idrija, Slovenia, in continuous operation from 1490 to 1994, appointed its first physician, Joannes Antonius Scopoli, in 1754. Most of his descriptions of mercurialism are still relevant today. This study highlights Scopoli's observations on the interaction between elemental mercury and alcohol, on the appearance of lung impairment, insomnia, and depressive mood in mercurialism. This presentation is based on Scopoli's experiences presented in his book, De Hydrargyro Idriensi Tentamina, together with current knowledge and experience acquired through health monitoring of occupational exposure to mercury. Some studies have confirmed Scopoli's observations that alcohol enhances mercurialism and that exposure to high concentrations of mercury causes serious lung impairment. Neurobiological studies have highlighted the influence of mercury on sleep disorders and depressive moods observed by Scopoli. Although today's knowledge provides new perspectives of Scopoli's work on mercurialism, his work is still very important and can be considered an integral part of occupational medicine heritage.
Descriptors (primary) occupational medicine; mercury poisoning; industrial physicians; metal mining
Descriptors (secondary) Slovenia; lung deposition; sleep disturbances; neurological effects; history
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Mines and quarries
Medicine, hygiene and first aid
Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Mercury and compounds
Mining and quarrying