|Document ID (ISN)||111649|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0355-3140 - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
|Convention or series no.
||Burstr÷m L., Jńrvholm B., Nilsson T., Wahlstr÷m J.
||White fingers, cold environment, and vibration-exposure among Swedish construction workers
||Nov. 2010, Vol.36, No.6, p.509-513. 18 ref.
||The aim of this study was to examine the association between white fingers, cold environment, and exposure to hand-arm vibration (HAV). The hypothesis was that working in cold climate increases the risk of white fingers. The occurrence of white fingers was investigated as a cross-sectional study in a cohort of 134,757 Swedish male construction workers. Exposure to HAV was based on a job-exposure matrix. Living in the north or south of Sweden was, in a subgroup of the cohort, used as an indicator of the exposure to cold environment. The analyses were adjusted for age and use of nicotine products (smoking and snuff). HAV-exposed workers living in a colder climate had a higher risk for white fingers than those living in a warmer climate (odds ratio (OR) 1.71). As expected, it was found that HAV-exposed workers had an increased risk compared to controls (OR 2.02). The risk for white fingers increased with increased level of exposure to HAV and also with age.
||Sweden; hand-arm vibration; Raynaud's phenomenon; male workers; construction industry; risk factors
||cold workplaces; exposure evaluation; cohort study; cross-sectional study; statistical evaluation; age-linked differences
||D - Periodical articles
Heating, ventilation and climate
Noise, hearing and vibration
|Broad subject area(s)
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
||Construction industry and civil engineering
Heat and cold