|Document ID (ISN)||111532|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1745-6673 - Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
|Convention or series no.
||Spallek M., Kuhn W., Uibel S., van Mark A., Quarcoo D.
||Work-related musculoskeletal disorders in the automotive industry due to repetitive work - Implications for rehabilitation
||2010, No.5:6, 6p. Illus. 23 ref.
||Work-related_musculoskeletal_disorders.pdf [in English]
||Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) due to repetitive work are common in manufacturing industries, such as the automotive industry. This study investigated the health status of two populations working at two automotive plants in Germany. The first group consisted of 67 consecutive patients who were seen for acute or chronic MSDs at the forearm over a 4-month period at the plants' medical services. Information about patients' working conditions and musculoskeletal symptoms was obtained during a standardized interview, which was followed by a standardized orthopedic-chiropractic physical examination. The second group consisted of 209 workers with daily exposure to video display terminals (VDT), who completed a standardized questionnaire and were examined with function-oriented muscular tests on the occasion of their routine occupational precaution medical check-up. The majority of the first group consisted of blue-collar works from the assembly lines and trainees rather than white-collar workers from offices. Rates of musculoskeletal complaints were disproportionately higher among experienced people performing new tasks and younger trainees. The most common MSD in this group were disorders of flexor tendons of the forearm. By contrast, disorders of the neck and shoulders were more common than discomfort in the forearm in the second group. Implications of these findings are discussed.
||repetitive work; upper extremity disorders; motor vehicle industry; risk factors
||musculoskeletal diseases; neck disorders; cervicobrachial syndrome; shoulder; experience; questionnaire survey; medical examinations; blue-collar workers; white-collar workers; frequency rates
||D - Periodical articles
||Metal production and metalworking
|Broad subject area(s)
||Occupational medicine, epidemiology
||Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
Motor vehicle manufacturing industry