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Document ID (ISN)111532
CIS number 11-0190
ISSN - Serial title 1745-6673 - Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Year 2010
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Spallek M., Kuhn W., Uibel S., van Mark A., Quarcoo D.
Title Work-related musculoskeletal disorders in the automotive industry due to repetitive work - Implications for rehabilitation
Bibliographic information 2010, No.5:6, 6p. Illus. 23 ref.
Internet access Work-related_musculoskeletal_disorders.pdf [in English]
Abstract Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) due to repetitive work are common in manufacturing industries, such as the automotive industry. This study investigated the health status of two populations working at two automotive plants in Germany. The first group consisted of 67 consecutive patients who were seen for acute or chronic MSDs at the forearm over a 4-month period at the plants' medical services. Information about patients' working conditions and musculoskeletal symptoms was obtained during a standardized interview, which was followed by a standardized orthopedic-chiropractic physical examination. The second group consisted of 209 workers with daily exposure to video display terminals (VDT), who completed a standardized questionnaire and were examined with function-oriented muscular tests on the occasion of their routine occupational precaution medical check-up. The majority of the first group consisted of blue-collar works from the assembly lines and trainees rather than white-collar workers from offices. Rates of musculoskeletal complaints were disproportionately higher among experienced people performing new tasks and younger trainees. The most common MSD in this group were disorders of flexor tendons of the forearm. By contrast, disorders of the neck and shoulders were more common than discomfort in the forearm in the second group. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Descriptors (primary) repetitive work; upper extremity disorders; motor vehicle industry; risk factors
Descriptors (secondary) musculoskeletal diseases; neck disorders; cervicobrachial syndrome; shoulder; experience; questionnaire survey; medical examinations; blue-collar workers; white-collar workers; frequency rates
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Metal production and metalworking
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
Motor vehicle manufacturing industry