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Document ID (ISN)110873
CIS number 10-0358
ISSN - Serial title 1059-924X - Journal of Agromedicine
Year 2009
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Chapman L.J., Taveira A.D., Karsh B.T., Josefsson K.G., Newenhouse A.C., Meyer R.H.
Title Work exposures, injuries, and musculoskeletal discomfort among children and adolescents in dairy farming
Bibliographic information 1st quarter 2009, Vol.14, No.1, p.9-21. 51 ref.
Abstract The objective of this study was to investigate work performed by children and adolescents on dairy farm operations. Mail questionnaires were addressed to a community-based, age- and operation size-stratified sample of 240 individuals aged six to eighteen who worked on dairy operations in Wisconsin. Data were collected in 1999. The 197 children and adolescents reported averaging 567 hours of dairy farm work in the last year (10.9 hours/week) and completed over 1/3 of all calf feeding, 1/5 of the milking, 1/5 of cow feeding and 1/10 of tractor operation hours on their farm during the weeks they worked. Some of these young workers reported accomplishing duties also judged by some experts as hazardous work, including nearly half of the 9- to 11-year-olds driving tractors. Six nonfatal injuries were reported that required stopping work (14.6 per 100 full time equivalents per year), including those that required medical attention. Musculoskeletal discomfort and disability reports were unremarkable compared to existing studies of general and working populations. Wisconsin dairy farm youth appeared to be working no more hours per week than their peers in other studies of agricultural populations. However the exposures of very young workers to hazardous tractor driving and tower silo tasks suggest that there is an urgent need for improved and validated interventions to reduce these exposures.
Descriptors (primary) Wisconsin; dangerous work; hours of work; musculoskeletal diseases; injuries; children; young persons; agriculture
Descriptors (secondary) USA; bulk storage bins; tractors; questionnaire survey; handling of animals; occupational accidents; frequency rates
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Agriculture
Child labour
Young workers
Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
Animal hazards
Hours of work