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Document ID (ISN)110810
CIS number 10-0347
ISSN - Serial title 1641-9251 - International Maritime Health
Year 2010
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Mouchtouri V.A., Nichols G., Rachiotis G., et al.
Title State of the art: Public health and passenger ships
Bibliographic information 2010, Vol.61, No.2, p.49-98. Approx. 150 ref.
Abstract This report describes issues relevant to public health and reviews all passenger ship associated diseases and outbreaks. Moreover, legislation and practices on sanitation and diseases surveillance related to ships internationally were also reviewed. Some relevant historical information about infections on merchant ships is provided as well. The methods used to develop this state-of-the-art report included a scientific literature review, together with and an extensive and thorough search of the websites of organizations and government departments. The infections/outbreaks that occur on passenger ships include norovirus, Legionella, Salmonella, E. coli, Vibrio and influenza A and B virus. The modes of transmission include person to person, waterborne, foodborne airborne and vectorborne, while shore excursions are responsible for some outbreaks. The industry (especially the ferry industry) and sanitary organizations can enhance collaboration in order to implement integrated hygiene programmes and prevent the occurrence of communicable diseases aboard passenger ships.
Descriptors (primary) transport of persons; ships; infectious diseases; infection control
Descriptors (secondary) ILO; IMO; WHO; viruses; contagion; immunodeficiency syndrome; cholera; legionellosis; plague; tuberculosis; influenza; dengue; yellow fever; infectious hepatitis; typhus; malaria; literature survey; legal aspects; report; history
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Transport and communications
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Viral diseases (other than aids)
Bacterial and parasitic diseases
Water transportation