|Document ID (ISN)||110397|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0355-3140 - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
|Convention or series no.
||Mäkinen T.M., Jokelainen J., Näyhä S., Laatikainen T., Jousilahti P., Hassi J.
||Occurrence of frostbite in the general population - Work-related and individual factors
||Sep. 2009, Vol.35, No.5, p.384-393. Illus. 35 ref.
||09-1211.pdf [in English]
||Based on data from several regional surveys in Finland, this study analyzed the incidence of frostbite in the general population and the related risk factors. The annual frequencies of mild and severe frostbite were 12.9% and 1.1%, respectively. Frostbite was found to occur more frequently among men than women. Work-related risk factors included employment in certain industries, high physical strain and weekly cold exposure at work. Individual factors that increase frostbite risk are diabetes, white fingers in the cold, cardiac insufficiency, angina pectoris, stroke, depressive feelings and heavy alcohol consumption.
||Finland; frequency rates; risk factors; frostbite
||non-occupational factors; cold workplaces; diabetes mellitus; circulatory disorders of the brain; alcoholism; assembly-line work; depressive neurosis; Raynaud's phenomenon; angina pectoris; construction industry; agriculture; fishing; sex-linked differences; job-exposure relation; cardiac insufficiency
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Finland|
||Heating, ventilation and climate
|Broad subject area(s)
||Occupational medicine, epidemiology
||Heat and cold
Alcohol and drug abuse