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Document ID (ISN)110296
CIS number 09-1326
ISSN - Serial title 0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2009
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Lee K., Park E.K., Stoecklin-Marois M., Koivunen M.E., Gee S.J., Hammock B.D., Beckett L.A., Schenker M.B.
Title Occupational paraquat exposure of agricultural workers in large Costa Rica farms
Bibliographic information Mar. 2009, Vol.82, No.4, p.455-462. 20 ref.
Abstract This study determined the extent of occupational exposure to paraquat among farm workers in Costa Rica. 24h urine samples were collected from 119 paraquat handlers and 54 non-handlers from banana, coffee and palm oil farms. Information about herbicide handling operations was also collected. The urinary paraquat levels were determined by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Inhalable dust and airborne paraquat levels were also measured for a subset of the participants. Paraquat levels were non-detectable or very low among workers not handling paraquat. For handlers, 83.3%, 47.1% and 63.9% of the samples were below detection limits before, during and after spray days, respectively. Other findings are discussed.
Descriptors (primary) Costa Rica; paraquat; pesticide spraying; agriculture; plantations; exposure evaluation
Descriptors (secondary) herbicides; airborne dust; determination in urine; sampling and analysis; inhalation
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceKorea, Republic of; USA
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Exposure evaluation
Heterocyclic compounds
Agriculture