|Document ID (ISN)||110019|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1080-3548 - International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics
|Convention or series no.
||Hansson Mild K., Alanko T., Decat G., Falsaperla R., Gryz K., Hietanen M., Karpowicz J., Rossi P., Sandstr÷m M.
||Exposure of workers to electromagnetic fields. A review of open questions on exposure assessment techniques
||2009, Vol.15, No.1, p.3-33. Illus. 56 ref.
||European Directive 2004/40/EC on occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF), based on the guidelines of the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP), was to be implemented in the Member States of the European Union by 2008. Because of some unexpected problems the deadline was postponed until 2012. This paper reviews some of the problems identified and presents some suggestions for possible solutions for assessing occupational exposure to EMF. Among the topics discussed are movement in static magnetic fields, ways to time average extreme low frequency signals, the difference between emission and exposure standards, and ways of dealing with those issues.
||non-ionizing radiation; radiation monitoring; exposure evaluation; electromagnetic fields
||European Union; comment on standard; comment on directive
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Belgium; Finland; Italy; Poland; Sweden|
|Broad subject area(s)