|Document ID (ISN)||109949|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Naidoo S., Kromhout H., London L., Naidoo R.N., Burdorf A.
||Musculoskeletal pain in women working in small-scale agriculture in South Africa
||Mar. 2009, Vol.52, No.3, p.202-209. 35 ref.
||The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with musculoskeletal pain in 911 women working in small-scale agriculture in the Province of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Data were collected by means of questionnaires. In total, 67% of women reported chronic musculoskeletal pain. The 12-month prevalence of pain ranged from 63.9% to 73.3% and the prevalence of specific chronic pain lasting more than three months ranged from 42.8% to 48.3%. Older age, carrying heavy loads, working with hands above shoulder height, and frequently squatting and kneeling were associated with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Ergonomic interventions including improved and adapted work techniques and tools should be considered to reduce the prevalence of pain among these workers.
||small enterprises; KwaZulu-Natal; work posture; agriculture; risk factors; women; musculoskeletal diseases
||older workers; subjective assessment; South Africa; chronic diseases; frequency rates; kneeling posture; manual lifting; ergonomics; questionnaire survey; squatting posture
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Netherlands; South Africa|
||Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
|Broad subject area(s)
||Industries and occupations
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
||Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
Small and medium-sized enterprises