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Document ID (ISN)109949
CIS number 09-808
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2009
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Naidoo S., Kromhout H., London L., Naidoo R.N., Burdorf A.
Title Musculoskeletal pain in women working in small-scale agriculture in South Africa
Bibliographic information Mar. 2009, Vol.52, No.3, p.202-209. 35 ref.
Abstract The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with musculoskeletal pain in 911 women working in small-scale agriculture in the Province of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Data were collected by means of questionnaires. In total, 67% of women reported chronic musculoskeletal pain. The 12-month prevalence of pain ranged from 63.9% to 73.3% and the prevalence of specific chronic pain lasting more than three months ranged from 42.8% to 48.3%. Older age, carrying heavy loads, working with hands above shoulder height, and frequently squatting and kneeling were associated with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Ergonomic interventions including improved and adapted work techniques and tools should be considered to reduce the prevalence of pain among these workers.
Descriptors (primary) small enterprises; KwaZulu-Natal; work posture; agriculture; risk factors; women; musculoskeletal diseases
Descriptors (secondary) older workers; subjective assessment; South Africa; chronic diseases; frequency rates; kneeling posture; manual lifting; ergonomics; questionnaire survey; squatting posture
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceNetherlands; South Africa
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
Older workers
Work posture
Small and medium-sized enterprises