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Document ID (ISN)109864
CIS number 09-772
ISSN - Serial title 0925-7535 - Safety Science
Year 2009
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Baram M.
Title Globalization and workplace hazards in developing nations
Bibliographic information July 2009, Vol.47, No.6, p.756-766. 40 ref.
Abstract Multinational corporations are rapidly introducing technological activities into less-developed nations. This poses potential risks to the safety and health of workers involved and the neighboring populations, as well as to the environment. This article presents an evaluation of approaches taken by international and industrial organizations to address these hazards by means of codes of conduct and voluntary self-regulation. Arguing that these approaches have repeatedly failed, it presents a new approach for assuring that the transfer of technology is accompanied by the transfer of good practices for using it safely. The key features of this approach include defining a standard of care which provides equivalent treatment of worker safety and health across all nations, and establishing contractual relationships between multinational companies and host countries as a means of implementing the standard.
Descriptors (primary) occupational safety; transfer of technology; developing countries; hazard evaluation; large enterprises
Descriptors (secondary) responsibilities of employers; comment on standard; international cooperation; legal aspects
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Generalities
Broad subject area(s) General safety, health and conditions of work
Browse category(ies) OSH in developing countries
Risk evaluation
Globalization
Transfer of technology