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Document ID (ISN)109828
CIS number 09-751
ISBN(s) 978-92-4-153076-7
Year 2009
Convention or series no. CICAD No.76
Author(s) Santonen T., Zitting A., Riihimäki V., Howe P.D.
Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC)
Title Inorganic chromium(III) compounds
Bibliographic information World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2009. v, 91p. Illus. Approx. 430 ref. Price: CHF 20.00 (CHF 14.00 in developing countries).
Internet access http://www.who.int/ipcs/publications/cicad/cicad76.pdf [in English]
Abstract Conclusions of this criteria document inorganic chromium(III) compounds: Trivalent chromium is considered to be an essential trace element in mammals, being involved in lipid and glucose metabolism. The key end-point considered to be relevant for human exposure to chromium(III) oxide is sustained local irritation and inflammation associated with accumulation of respirable particles in the lungs to the extent that the clearance mechanisms are overloaded. The key end-points relevant for human exposure to basic chromium sulfate, presumed to represent soluble chromium(III) salts as a group, are local respiratory toxicity and sensitization of the skin. Detailed summaries in French and Spanish are included.
Descriptors (primary) IPCS; toxicology; chromium; tanning; chromium and compounds; pigments
Descriptors (secondary) toxic effects; sensitization; ILO; UNEP; WHO; chromium sulfate; chromium trichloride; basic chromium sulfate; chromite; chromium acetate; irritation; respirable dust; animal experiments; chromium phosphate; chromium potassium sulfate; chromium oxide; criteria document; literature survey
Document type B - Chemical safety information sheets
Country / State or ProvinceWHO
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Inorganic substances