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Document ID (ISN)109797
CIS number 09-912
ISSN - Serial title 1555-1925 - EMC - Pathologie professionnelle et de l'environnement
Year 2009
Convention or series no. Fascicule 16515 A 10, 2-2009
Author(s) Chahine C., Losser M.R.
Title Electrical accidents
Original title Accidents dus Ó l'ÚlectricitÚ [in French]
Bibliographic information Pathologie professionnelle et de l'environnement, 2nd Quarter 2009, No.163, 11p. Illus. 16 ref.
Abstract The occurrence of electrical accidents increased strongly along with the growth in domestic and industrial uses of electricity during the 20th century. The pathological effects of an electrical current passing through the body vary. Life-threatening incidents, extensive burns and trauma require dedicated and pluridisciplinary support. The coordination of first aid is a key step in this process. The meeting or otherwise of certain goals during the first few hours of hospitalization determine the success of future outcomes. Essential steps include ensuring haemodynamic stability and controlling hypovolaemia, acute myoglobinuric renal insufficiency and trauma extension, while initiating the local or surgical treatment. Prognosis is initially difficult, given that the extent of injury is often not visible. Sequelae can be serious and invalidating.
Descriptors (primary) France; electric current; medical treatment; biological effects; electrical accidents
Descriptors (secondary) histological effects; electric shock; lightning; myocardial infarction; arrhythmia; cardiological effects; renal diseases; myoglobinuria; renal insufficiency; pneumothorax; electric burns; neurological effects; ophthalmotoxic effects; encyclopaedia; data sheet; circulating blood volume
Document type F - Information notes, codes of practice, standards
Country / State or ProvinceFrance
Subject(s) Electricity
Broad subject area(s) Electrical safety
Browse category(ies) Electricity