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Document ID (ISN)109642
CIS number 09-577
ISSN - Serial title 1745-6673 - Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Year 2009
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Schablon A., Beckmann G., Harling M., Diel R., Nienhaus A.
Title Prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection among health care workers in a hospital for pulmonary diseases
Bibliographic information Jan. 2009, Vol.4, No.1, 7p. 31 ref.
Internet access http://www.occup-med.com/content/pdf/1745-6673-4-1.pdf [in English]
Abstract The study was designed to estimate prevalence of latent tuberculosis infections (LTBI) among 270 health care workers (HCW) in a hospital specialized in pulmonary diseases, using both Interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) and tuberculin skin test (TST) methods. The prevalence of LTBI was 7.2%. In HCW younger than 30 years LTBI prevalence was 3.5% and in those older than 50 years 22%. Physicians and nurses showed a higher prevalence (10.8%) than other professions (4.5%). The risk factors for LTBI were age >50 years (odds ratio OR 9.3), working as physicians/nurses (OR 3.2) and no previous TST in medical history (OR 4.4) when compared to those with a negative TST. The higher LTBI prevalence in older HCWs might be due to the cohort effect or the longer time at risk.
Descriptors (primary) tuberculosis; infectious diseases; risk factors; health care personnel; hospitals
Descriptors (secondary) Germany; interferons; long-term exposure; frequency rates; age-linked differences; medical examinations; tuberculin test
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceGermany
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Biological hazards
Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Health care services
Bacterial and parasitic diseases