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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)109297
CIS number 09-292
ISSN - Serial title 1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2008
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Carder M., McNamee R., Beverland I., Elton R., Van Tongeren M., Cohen G.R., Boyd J., MacNee W., Agius R.M.
Title Interacting effects of particulate pollution and cold temperature on cardiorespiratory mortality in Scotland
Bibliographic information Mar. 2008, Vol.65, No.3, p.197-204. Illus. 34 ref.
Abstract In this study Poisson regression models were used to investigate the relationship between lagged black smoke concentration and daily mortality, and whether the effect of black smoke on cardiorespiratory mortality was modified by cold temperature for three Scottish cities from January 1981 to December 2001. For all-cause respiratory and non-cardiorespiratory mortality, there was a significant association between mortality and lagged black smoke concentration. Generally the maximum black smoke effect occurred at lag 0, although these estimates were not statistically significant. A 10µg/m3 increase in the daily mean black smoke concentration on any given day was associated with a 1.68% increase in all-cause mortality and a 0.43%, 5.36% and 2.13% increase in cardiovascular, respiratory and non-cardiorespiratory mortality, respectively, over the ensuing 30-day period. The results of this study suggest a greater effect of black smoke on mortality at low temperatures. Since extremes of cold and particulate pollution may coexist, for example during temperature inversion, these results may have important public health implications.
Descriptors (primary) air temperature; Scotland; cardiovascular diseases; atmospheric pollution; risk factors; respiratory diseases
Descriptors (secondary) mortality; statistical evaluation; aerosols
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUnited Kingdom; USA
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Cardiovascular diseases
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Environmental pollution
Air pollution
Heat and cold