|Document ID (ISN)||109238|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1076-2752 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Boggia B., Farinaro E., Grieco L., Lucariello A., Carbone U.
||Burden of smoking and occupational exposure on etiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in workers of Southern Italy
||Mar. 2008, Vol.50, No.3, p.366-370. Illus. 30 ref.
||This study evaluates the burden of smoking and occupational exposure on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A diagnostic protocol was applied to a sample of 2019 workers of Southern Italy at baseline and after five and ten years. Exposures were evaluated by means of questionnaires and regulatory documents supplied by employers. Taking into account individual and occupational exposure levels, the sample was divided in four groups. Data were analyzed using logistic regression. Higher COPD prevalence and incidence were observed in the most exposed group. Smoking habits and occupational exposure were confirmed as risk factors for COPD and an interaction between smoking and certain occupational exposures was observed. Smoking cessation programs could play an important role reducing the risk of COPD, in view of the synergism with occupational exposures observed in certain activities.
||obstructive ventilatory impairment; Italy; risk factors; exposure evaluation; smoking
||aetiology; diagnosis; questionnaire survey; synergism; safety and health documentation; health service records; statistical evaluation; industrial physicians; spirometry
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Italy|
|Broad subject area(s)
||Occupational medicine, epidemiology
||Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)