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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)109238
CIS number 09-54
ISSN - Serial title 1076-2752 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2008
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Boggia B., Farinaro E., Grieco L., Lucariello A., Carbone U.
Title Burden of smoking and occupational exposure on etiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in workers of Southern Italy
Bibliographic information Mar. 2008, Vol.50, No.3, p.366-370. Illus. 30 ref.
Abstract This study evaluates the burden of smoking and occupational exposure on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A diagnostic protocol was applied to a sample of 2019 workers of Southern Italy at baseline and after five and ten years. Exposures were evaluated by means of questionnaires and regulatory documents supplied by employers. Taking into account individual and occupational exposure levels, the sample was divided in four groups. Data were analyzed using logistic regression. Higher COPD prevalence and incidence were observed in the most exposed group. Smoking habits and occupational exposure were confirmed as risk factors for COPD and an interaction between smoking and certain occupational exposures was observed. Smoking cessation programs could play an important role reducing the risk of COPD, in view of the synergism with occupational exposures observed in certain activities.
Descriptors (primary) obstructive ventilatory impairment; Italy; risk factors; exposure evaluation; smoking
Descriptors (secondary) aetiology; diagnosis; questionnaire survey; synergism; safety and health documentation; health service records; statistical evaluation; industrial physicians; spirometry
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceItaly
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Exposure evaluation
Smoking