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Document ID (ISN)109209
CIS number 09-134
ISSN - Serial title 1232-1087 - International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Year 2008
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Maciejeweska A.
Title Occupational exposure assessment for crystalline silica dust: Approach in Poland and worldwide
Bibliographic information 1st Quarter 2008, Vol.21, No.1, p.1-23. 116 ref.
Abstract It is estimated that over two million workers in the European Union are exposed to crystalline silica. In Poland, over 50 thousand people work under conditions of silica dust exposure exceeding the occupational exposure limit. The assessment of occupational exposure to crystalline silica is a multi-phase process, primarily dependent on workplace measurements, quantitative analyses of samples and comparison of the results with relevant standards. This article summarizes the approaches used for assessment of exposure to crystalline silica in various European countries and worldwide. It also compares the occupational limit values in force in almost 40 countries. Finally, it points out the consequences resulting from the fact that IARC has classified the two most common forms of crystalline silica, namely quartz and cristobalite, as human carcinogens (group 1).
Descriptors (primary) airborne dust; exposure evaluation; silica
Descriptors (secondary) threshold limit values; cristobalite; carcinogens; Poland; European Union; IARC; comparative study; respirable dust; reliability; sampling and analysis; determination in air; description of technique; computerized data bases; quartz
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvincePoland
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Exposure evaluation