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Document ID (ISN)109167
CIS number 09-144
ISSN - Serial title 0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
Year 2008
Convention or series no.
Author(s) LidÚn C., Skare L., Nise G., Vahter M.
Title Deposition of nickel, chromium, and cobalt on the skin in some occupations - Assessment by acid wipe sampling
Bibliographic information June 2008, Vol.58, No.6, p.347-354. Illus. 27 ref.
Abstract Nickel, chromium, and cobalt are important skin sensitizers. In this study, a previously-developed acid wipe sampling technique for assessment of skin exposure to metals was applied in some occupations where intense contact with metallic items occurs to gather experience for the design of future workplace studies. 18 volunteers (carpenters, locksmiths, cashiers, and secretaries as controls) participated. They performed their normal tasks during a job session for exposure. Samples were taken from fingers and palms by acid wipe sampling, and analysis of metals was performed by inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The metals were detected in all samples, and the amount of nickel was larger than that of chromium and cobalt. Fingers were more exposed than palms. 8-h exposure to nickel was highest in locksmiths (mean 3.784Á/cm2) followed by carpenters, cashiers and secretaries. The acid wipe sampling technique appears to be suitable for studies of skin exposure to nickel, chromium and cobalt in the workplace. The amount of nickel deposited on skin in carpenters, locksmiths and cashiers is judged capable of eliciting allergic contact dermatitis.
Descriptors (primary) cobalt and compounds; nickel and compounds; sensitization; chromium and compounds; skin
Descriptors (secondary) mass spectrometry; hand; sampling and analysis; exposure evaluation; fingers
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceSweden
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Nickel and compounds
Inorganic substances