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Document ID (ISN)109129
CIS number 09-243
ISSN - Serial title 1076-2752 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2008
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Kleppa E., Sanne B., Tell G.S.
Title Working overtime is associated with anxiety and depression: The Hordaland health study
Bibliographic information June 2008, Vol.50, No.6, p.658-666. Illus. 22 ref.
Abstract The objective of this case-control study was to examine whether long work hours are associated with increased prevalences of anxiety and depression. A total of 1350 overtime workers was compared with a reference group of 9092 workers not working overtime regarding anxiety and depression by means of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Self-reported information on various work-related factors, demographics, lifestyle and somatic health was included. Overtime workers of both genders had significantly higher anxiety and depression levels compared with those working normal hours. Findings suggest a dose-response relationship between work hours and anxiety or depression.
Descriptors (primary) anxiety; depressive neurosis; risk factors; hours of work; stress factors; psychology of work organization
Descriptors (secondary) non-occupational factors; subjective assessment; Norway; state of health; frequency rates; questionnaire survey; case-control study; dose-response relationship; mental health
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceNorway
Subject(s) Psychology and sociology
Broad subject area(s) Stress, psychosocial factors
Physiology, ergonomics
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Mental health
Mental stress and burnout
Hours of work
Psychology of work organization
Psychological factors