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Document ID (ISN)108891
CIS number 08-1290
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2008
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Bang K.M., Attfield M.D., Wood J.M., Syamlal G.
Title National trends in silicosis mortality in the United States, 1981-2004
Bibliographic information Sep. 2008, Vol.51, No.9, p.633-639. Illus. 45 ref.
Abstract This article describes trends in silicosis mortality in the United States and identifies industries and occupations with elevated silicosis mortality. A total of 6326 deaths with silicosis from 1981-2004 were analysed for trends and association with occupation and industry. A linear regression model was used for analysing mortality trends. Proportionate mortality ratios (PMRs) were based on 1,440 deaths for which sufficient data were available. Overall age-adjusted mortality rates per million declined from 2.4 in 1981 to 0.7 in 2004. Industries having significantly elevated PMRs for silicosis included mining and quarrying. Occupations with elevated PMRs included those associated with metal and mineral processing. The results show that considerable progress has been made towards elimination of this preventable disease.
Descriptors (primary) USA; silicosis; mortality; statistical trends
Descriptors (secondary) occupation disease relation; metalworking industry; frequency rates; statistical evaluation; mining and quarrying; risk factors
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Pneumoconioses