ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)108812
CIS number 08-1310
ISSN - Serial title 0019-8366 - Industrial Health
Year 2007
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Kampf G., L÷ffler H.
Title Prevention of irritant contact dermatitis among health care workers by using evidence-based hand hygiene practices: A review
Bibliographic information Oct. 2007, Vol.45, No.5, p.645-652. Illus. 52 ref.
Internet access http://www.jniosh.go.jp/en/indu_hel/pdf/IH_45_5_645.pdf [in English]
Abstract Irritant contact dermatitis is often found on the hands of healthcare workers and is generally caused by frequent hand washing, gloves, aggressive disinfectants or detergents. Alcohols have only a marginal irritation potential, although they may cause a burning sensation on pre-irritated skin. A burning sensation when using alcohols therefore suggests that the skin barrier is already damaged. Most clinical situations require the use of an alcohol-based hand rub for decontamination, which is especially useful for reducing the nosocomial transmission of various infectious agents. Washing one's hands should be the exception, to be performed only when they are visibly soiled or contaminated with blood or other body fluids. The overall compliance rate in hand hygiene was only found to be around 50%, and mostly consisted of washing hands with soap and water. Consequences of these findings are discussed.
Descriptors (primary) detergents; alcohols; eczema; health care personnel; personal hygiene; hospitals; hand
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; occupational hygiene; disobeying safety instructions; safe working methods; irritants
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceGermany
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Skin diseases
Alcohols
Health care services