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Document ID (ISN)108681
CIS number 08-1142
ISSN - Serial title 1877-7856 - Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale
Year 2008
Convention or series no. Fascicule 16-002-A-30
Author(s) Garnier R., Poupon J., Villa A.
Title Arsenic and its inorganic compounds
Original title Arsenic et dérivés inorganiques [in French]
Bibliographic information Toxicologie-Pathologie professionnelle, 2nd Quarter 2008, No.159, 13p. Illus. 104 ref.
Abstract Occupations that involve exposure to arsenic include the production of arsenic compounds, non-ferrous metal smelting, the production and use of arsenic-based dyes, the production of micro devices, certain glass manufacturing operations, leather tanning and CCA (chromium, copper and arsenic-based) wood treatment. Often fatal, acute poisoning results in gastroenteritis, hydroelectrolytic and haemodynamic disturbances, renal tubular damage, hepatic cytolysis, cardiomyopathy, encephalopathy (confusion, coma, convulsions) and metabolic acidosis. Long-term exposure to arsenic can cause dermatological, neurological, cardiovascular, metabolic and carcinogenic effects. Several recent epidemiological studies indicate increased risks of abortion, premature birth and in-utero deaths associated with arsenic exposure during pregnancy. The standard biological indicator of arsenic exposure is the sum of the urinary concentrations of inorganic arsenic and of its main metabolites.
Descriptors (primary) France; arsenic and compounds; health hazards; toxicology; arsenic
Descriptors (secondary) embryotoxic effects; determination in urine; renal damage; muscular diseases; skin diseases; gastroenteritis; hepatic diseases; abortion; heart diseases; limitation of exposure; short-term exposure; long-term exposure; expectant mothers; job-exposure relation; carcinogenic effects; exposure tests; encyclopaedia; data sheet; neurotoxic effects
Document type F - Information notes, codes of practice, standards
Country / State or ProvinceFrance
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Arsenic and compounds
Inorganic substances