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Document ID (ISN)108394
CIS number 08-863
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2008
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Attfield M.D., Kuempel E.D.
Title Mortality among U.S. underground coal miners: A 23-year follow-up
Bibliographic information Apr. 2008, Vol.51, No.4, p.231-245. Illus. 32 ref.
Abstract The mortality over 22-24 years of 8899 coal miners initially medically examined in 1969-1971 at 31 United States coal mines was evaluated to analyse the underlying causes of death. Data were subjected to statistical evaluation. Elevated mortality from nonviolent causes, nonmalignant respiratory disease (NMRD) and accidents was observed, but lung cancer and stomach cancer mortality were not elevated. Smoking, pneumoconiosis, coal mine region and cumulative coal mine dust exposure were all predictors of mortality from nonviolent causes and NMRD. The findings confirm and enlarge upon previous results showing that exposure to coal mine dust leads to increased mortality, even in the absence of smoking.
Descriptors (primary) USA; mortality; coal mining; long-term exposure; underground mining
Descriptors (secondary) coal dust; smoking; coalworkers pneumoconiosis; long-term study; respiratory diseases
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Mines and quarries
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Mining and quarrying