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Document ID (ISN)108346
CIS number 08-765
Year 2007
Convention or series no.
Author(s)
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR)
Title Toxicological profile for barium (Update)
Bibliographic information U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Division of Toxicology/Toxicology Information Branch, 1600 Clifton Road NE, E-29, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA, Aug. 2007. xx, 184p. Illus. Approx. 400 ref. Index.
Internet access http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp24.pdf [in English]
Abstract This profile has been prepared in accordance with guidelines set by the US Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry and the EPA. The key literature related to the toxic effects of barium is identified and reviewed. Contents: public health statement; health effects; chemical and physical information; production, import, use and disposal; potential for human exposure; analytical methods; regulations and advisories; glossary. Health hazards: while the toxicity of insoluble barium compounds is low, soluble barium compounds are toxic, causing hypocalcaemia which can lead to cardiac insufficiency, muscle weakness and paralysis, and renal damage. There are insufficient data on developmental toxicity and carcinogenicity. IARC has not classified barium with respect to its human carcinogenicity.
Descriptors (primary) barium and compounds; barium; health hazards; toxicology; toxicity evaluation; USA
Descriptors (secondary) toxic effects; literature survey; cardiac insufficiency; IARC; renal damage; criteria document; muscular atrophy; limitation of exposure; exposure evaluation; legislation; glossary; paresis
Document type B - Chemical safety information sheets
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Inorganic substances