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Document ID (ISN)108321
CIS number 08-939
ISBN(s) 92-0-100607-1
Year 2007
Convention or series no. IAEA Safety Reports Series No. 51
Title Radiation protection and NORM residue management in the zircon and zirconia industries
Bibliographic information International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Wagramerstrasse 5, P.O. Box 100, 1400 Wien, Austria, 2007. 149p. Illus. 133 ref. Price: EUR 36.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
Internet access http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/publications/PDF/Pub1289_Web.pdf [in English]
Abstract Zircon is used for the manufacture of zirconia (zirconium dioxide), zirconium chemicals and zirconium. The geological processes that formed zircon led to the incorporation of radionuclides of natural origin into the crystal structure. The presence of these radionuclides requires controlling exposures of workers and members of the public. This report provides detailed information on the major industrial applications of zircon and zirconia, the processes involved, the management of radioactive waste material arising from such processes, the radiological characteristics of these materials, exposure pathways to workers and members of the public, exposure levels and annual effective doses, together with examples of good practice with respect to radiation monitoring techniques and practical measures to reduce doses.
Descriptors (primary) ionizing radiation; radiation protection; zircon; radioactive sources; zirconium and compounds; zirconium; zirconium oxide; IAEA
Descriptors (secondary) routes of entry; limitation of exposure; disposal of radioactive waste; safety guides; safe working methods; description of technique; radiation monitoring
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Country / State or ProvinceAustria
Subject(s) Radiation
Broad subject area(s) Physical hazards
Browse category(ies) Ionizing radiation
Inorganic substances