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Document ID (ISN)108239
CIS number 08-603
ISSN - Serial title 1877-7856 - Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale
Year 2007
Convention or series no. Fascicule 16535 I 10, 2-2007
Author(s) Bonneterre V., Maître A., Liaudy S., Perdrix A.
Title Respiratory diseases due to the exposure to hard metal dust
Original title Affections respiratoires liées à l'exposition aux poussières de métaux durs [in French]
Bibliographic information Toxicologie-Pathologie professionnelle, 2nd Quarter 2007, No.155, 8p. 77 ref.
Abstract Hard metals, essentially based on tungsten carbide (CW) and cobalt (Co), are generally produced using powder metallurgy processes such as hot isostatic pressing, more rarely by melting. Many groups of subjects are exposed to these metals during their production, machining, welding and brazing. Co alone can cause immunoallergies such as asthma or non-respiratory impairments; when linked to CW, sometimes together with other metal carbides, it can cause pulmonary fibrosis and bronchopulmonary cancers. Contents of this review article on respiratory diseases caused by exposure to hard metal dust: hard metal production processes; metabolism and monitoring of occupational exposure; pathological effects on the human organism; collective prevention measures; medical supervision; current procedures for obtaining occupational disease compensation in France.
Descriptors (primary) tungsten carbide 1:1; cobalt and compounds; cobalt; risk factors; respiratory diseases; respirable dust; metalworking industry; France
Descriptors (secondary) allergens; compensation of occupational diseases; powder metallurgy; allergies; alloys; data sheet; pulmonary fibrosis; lung cancer; hard metal pneumoconiosis; medical supervision; encyclopaedia; bronchial cancer
Document type F - Information notes, codes of practice, standards
Country / State or ProvinceFrance
Subject(s) Dust, aerosols and related diseases
Metal production and metalworking
Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Inorganic substances
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Metalworking industry