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Document ID (ISN)108214
CIS number 08-590
ISSN - Serial title 0962-7480 - Occupational Medicine
Year 2006
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Akgun M., Mirici A., Ucar E.Y., Kantarci M., Araz O., Gorguner M.
Title Silicosis in Turkish denim sandblasters
Bibliographic information Dec. 2006, Vol.56, No.8, p.554-558. Illus. 7 ref.
Abstract Between August 2004 and March 2006, 16 young men with a history of working in small workplaces producing sandblasted denim were admitted to the respiratory diseases department of a Turkish hospital. Of these, 14 presented with respiratory symptoms. In the first two cases, open-lung biopsy was required to confirm the diagnosis of silicosis. Later cases were diagnosed through a combination of their work history and the clinical and radiological findings. The mean age at presentation was 23 years with mean duration of employment as a sandblaster being three years. The first two cases died and the remainder, except two, are still receiving treatment. The production of sandblasted denim fabric in small uncontrolled workplaces may entail significant exposure to silica dust and the development of rapidly fatal silicosis. Urgent action is required to prevent further cases.
Descriptors (primary) airborne dust; small enterprises; Turkey; sandblasting; young persons; clothing industry; silicosis
Descriptors (secondary) informal sector; male workers; case study; silica; radiological diagnosis; lung biopsy; limitation of exposure; hospitals; medical examinations; medical treatment; diagnosis
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceTurkey
Subject(s) Textile and clothing industries
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Pneumoconioses
Clothing and finished textile products industry
Small and medium-sized enterprises