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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)108032
CIS number 08-583
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2007
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Tse L.A., Li Z.M., Wong T.W., Fu Z.M., Yu I.T.S.
Title High prevalence of accelerated silicosis among gold miners in Jiangxi, China
Bibliographic information 2007, Vol.50, p.876-880. Illus. 15 ref.
Abstract This study was carried out to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of accelerated silicosis among Chinese gold mine workers. A medical cross-sectional examination was conducted among 574 miners; all participants were male rock-drillers. The concentrations of total dust and quartz content were obtained from government documentation. Descriptive data analyses were performed. The prevalence of accelerated silicosis was 29.1% after an average of 5.6 years of dust exposure. A history of tuberculosis seemed to increase the risk. The concentration of respirable silica dust was estimated to be 89.5 mg/m3 (range 70.2-108.8) in the underground goldmine, far exceeding the permissible exposure limits. This study illustrates a serious health threat in small-scale goldmines in China and indicates an urgent need for environmental control and disease prevention.
Descriptors (primary) China; male workers; gold mining; risk factors; silicosis
Descriptors (secondary) occupational hygiene; airborne dust; small enterprises; tuberculosis; silica; frequency rates; permissible levels; exposure evaluation; cross-sectional study; role of government; respirable dust
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceHong Kong
Subject(s) Mines and quarries
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Pneumoconioses
Mining and quarrying
Bacterial and parasitic diseases