|Document ID (ISN)||108032|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Tse L.A., Li Z.M., Wong T.W., Fu Z.M., Yu I.T.S.
||High prevalence of accelerated silicosis among gold miners in Jiangxi, China
||2007, Vol.50, p.876-880. Illus. 15 ref.
||This study was carried out to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of accelerated silicosis among Chinese gold mine workers. A medical cross-sectional examination was conducted among 574 miners; all participants were male rock-drillers. The concentrations of total dust and quartz content were obtained from government documentation. Descriptive data analyses were performed. The prevalence of accelerated silicosis was 29.1% after an average of 5.6 years of dust exposure. A history of tuberculosis seemed to increase the risk. The concentration of respirable silica dust was estimated to be 89.5 mg/m3 (range 70.2-108.8) in the underground goldmine, far exceeding the permissible exposure limits. This study illustrates a serious health threat in small-scale goldmines in China and indicates an urgent need for environmental control and disease prevention.
||China; male workers; gold mining; risk factors; silicosis
||occupational hygiene; airborne dust; small enterprises; tuberculosis; silica; frequency rates; permissible levels; exposure evaluation; cross-sectional study; role of government; respirable dust
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Hong Kong|
||Mines and quarries
|Broad subject area(s)
||Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Mining and quarrying
Bacterial and parasitic diseases