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Document ID (ISN)107887
CIS number 08-465
ISSN - Serial title 0339-6517 - Documents pour le mÚdecin du travail
Year 2007
Convention or series no. DMT 109 TF 158
Author(s) Lot F.
Title Surveillance of occupational contamination by HIV, HCV and HBV among health care personnel
Original title Surveillance des contaminations professionnelles par le VIH, le VHC et le VHB chez le personnel de santÚ [in French]
Bibliographic information Mar. 2007, No.109, p.51-60. Illus. 13 ref.
Internet access http://www.dmt-prevention.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/TF%20158/$File/TF158.pdf [in French]
Abstract The surveillance of occupational seroconversions among health care personnel is in effect since 1991 for HIV (human immunodeficiency virus, or AIDS virus), since 1997 for HCV (or hepatitis C virus) and since 2005 for HBV (or hepatitis B virus). Between 1983 and 2005, 14 HIV seroconversions were notified. Within this surveillance programme, there were also 34 notifications of presumed HIV infections. With respect to HCV, 55 occupational seroconversions were counted between 1991 and 2005. In almost all cases, seroconversions were the result of a percutaneous skin injury. Close to half of the HIV and HCV seroconversions were related to accidents involving an exposure to blood when the putting away or disposal of equipment and therefore could have been avoided by following usual precautions. To this day, no occupational contaminations by HBV have been notified.
Descriptors (primary) France; virus diseases; medical supervision; health care personnel; biological hazards; hospitals
Descriptors (secondary) infectious hepatitis; immunodeficiency syndrome; disobeying safety instructions; notification of occupational diseases; skin injuries; needle-stick injuries
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceFrance
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Biological hazards
Browse category(ies) Health care services
Biological hazards
Bacterial and parasitic diseases
Viral diseases (other than aids)