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Document ID (ISN)107793
CIS number 08-397
ISSN - Serial title 1076-2752 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2006
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Hahn E.J., Rayens M.K., York N., Okoli C.T.C., Zhang M., Dignan M., Al-Delaimy W.K.
Title Effects of a smoke-free law on hair nicotine and respiratory symptoms of restaurant and bar workers
Bibliographic information Sep. 2006, Vol.48, No.9, p.906-913. Illus. 57 ref.
Abstract In this study, bar and restaurant workers' exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) was compared before and three and six months after implementation of a smoke free ordinance in the county of Lexington, Kentucky, United States. Subjects consisted of 105 smoking and nonsmoking workers from randomly-selected establishments. Nicotine was determined in hair, while data on smoking, self-reported exposure to SHS and respiratory symptoms were collected during interviews. Thirty-eight percent were current smokers. When controlling for cigarettes per day, there was a significant decline in hair nicotine after three months, which was maintained after six months. Bar workers showed a significantly larger decline in hair nicotine compared with restaurant workers. Regardless of smoking status, respiratory symptoms declined significantly.
Descriptors (primary) waiters, waitresses and bartenders; Kentucky; restaurants; housekeeping and restaurant services workers; determination in hair; smoking; passive smoking; respiratory diseases; nicotine
Descriptors (secondary) subjective assessment; legislation; symptoms; USA
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Smoking
Heterocyclic compounds
Hotels and restaurants
Passive smoking