ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)107588
CIS number 08-61
ISSN - Serial title 1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2007
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Cummings K.J., Deubner D.C., Day G.A., Henneberger P.K., Kitt M.M., Kent M.S., Kreiss K., Schuler C.R.
Title Enhanced preventive programme at a beryllium oxide ceramics facility reduces beryllium sensitisation among new workers
Bibliographic information Feb. 2007, Vol.64, No.2, p.134-140. 15 ref.
Abstract A 1998 survey at a beryllium oxide ceramics manufacturing facility in the US found that 10% of workers hired in the previous six years had beryllium sensitization as determined by the beryllium lymphocyte proliferation test (BeLPT). In response, the facility implemented an enhanced preventive programme to reduce sensitization, including increased respiratory and dermal protection. The aim of this study was to assess the programme's effectiveness. In 2000, the facility began testing newly hired workers for beryllium sensitization with the BeLPT at time of hire and at regular intervals during employment. The sensitization rate and prevalence for workers hired from 2000 to 2004 were compared with that for workers hired from 1993 to 1998, who were tested in the 1998 survey. It was found that the sensitization prevalence for the 1993-1998 workers was 8.4 times higher than that for the 2000-2004 workers, while airborne beryllium levels for production workers for the two periods were similar.
Descriptors (primary) beryllium oxide; limitation of exposure; sensitization; non-metallic mineral industry; risk factors
Descriptors (secondary) protective gloves; protective clothing; personal sampling; lymphocytes; USA; programme evaluation; frequency rates; breathing atmosphere; respirators; statistical evaluation; determination in air; determination in blood; medical supervision; housekeeping
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Materials, glass and ceramics
Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Mining and quarrying
Inorganic substances