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Document ID (ISN)107545
CIS number 08-153
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2007
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Mendonša E.M.C., Silva R.C.C., Bussacos M.A., Algranti E.
Title Respiratory impairment in Brazilian foundry workers exposed to sand
Bibliographic information Feb. 2007, Vol.50, No.2, p.83-91. Illus. 31 ref.
Abstract Workers in the foundry industry are at risk of respiratory diseases due to exposures such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, pyrolysis degradation products, mineral dust, organic dust, resins and isocyanates. This cross-sectional study evaluated respiratory morbidity among 598 workers of six foundries in Brazil with sand moulding operations. Medical evaluations consisted of a questionnaire on respiratory symptoms and occupational history, spirometry and chest X-rays. Additionally, workers exposed to resins and a control group underwent bronchial provocation tests. Their mean length of exposure of the workers was 10.1 years and the overall prevalence of pneumoconiosis 4.5%. Chronic bronchitis (CB) and X-ray profusion were significantly related to the quartiles of length of exposure. There were significant risks of abnormal FVC and FEV1 with the presence of pneumoconiosis (odds ratios of 4.63 and 3.34 respectively).
Descriptors (primary) Brazil; sand; foundries; risk factors; respiratory diseases
Descriptors (secondary) airborne dust; chest radiography; chronic bronchitis; aromatic hydrocarbons; isocyanates; silica; radiological diagnosis; symptoms; maximal expiratory flow; pneumoconiosis; polycyclic hydrocarbons; one-second forced expiratory volume; questionnaire survey; cross-sectional study; spirometry; length of exposure; casting resins
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceBrazil
Subject(s) Metal production and metalworking
Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Foundries, metalcasting and forging operations
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)