|Document ID (ISN)||107163|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
|Convention or series no.
||Samoto H., Fukui Y., Ukai H., Okamoto S., Takada S., Ohashi F., Moriguchi J., Ezaki T., Ikeda M.
||Field survey on types of organic solvents used in enterprises of various sizes
||Aug. 2006, Vol.79, No.7, p.558-567. Illus. 63 ref.
||http://www.springerlink.com/content/d11850pk5148n149/fulltext.pdf [in English]
||The objective of this study was to examine common types of solvent work and prevalent types of solvents used as a function of the size of the enterprise. Between April 2004 and March 2005, air samples were collected in 156 enterprises of various sizes in Kyoto, Japan, and analyzed for 47 solvents by flame-ionization detector-equipped gas-liquid chromatography. Degreasing (including cleaning and wiping) was the most common type of solvent work, followed by painting and printing, and toluene was the most frequently-detected solvent. Toluene was most common in printing, painting and adhesive bonding, whereas isopropyl alcohol was the leading solvent in cases of surface coating and degreasing. Use of methyl alcohol was also high. In contrast, use of hexane in adhesives was limited. Solvent concentrations were five times higher in enterprises with ≤50 employees as compared with enterprises with ≥501 employees. Other findings are discussed.
||small enterprises; determination in air; organic solvents; Japan
||printing industry; hexane; methanol; toluene; degreasing; adhesives; painting; sampling and analysis; uses; isopropyl alcohol
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Japan|
||Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)
||Small and medium-sized enterprises