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Document ID (ISN)107163
CIS number 07-1125
ISSN - Serial title 0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2006
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Samoto H., Fukui Y., Ukai H., Okamoto S., Takada S., Ohashi F., Moriguchi J., Ezaki T., Ikeda M.
Title Field survey on types of organic solvents used in enterprises of various sizes
Bibliographic information Aug. 2006, Vol.79, No.7, p.558-567. Illus. 63 ref.
Internet access http://www.springerlink.com/content/d11850pk5148n149/fulltext.pdf [in English]
Abstract The objective of this study was to examine common types of solvent work and prevalent types of solvents used as a function of the size of the enterprise. Between April 2004 and March 2005, air samples were collected in 156 enterprises of various sizes in Kyoto, Japan, and analyzed for 47 solvents by flame-ionization detector-equipped gas-liquid chromatography. Degreasing (including cleaning and wiping) was the most common type of solvent work, followed by painting and printing, and toluene was the most frequently-detected solvent. Toluene was most common in printing, painting and adhesive bonding, whereas isopropyl alcohol was the leading solvent in cases of surface coating and degreasing. Use of methyl alcohol was also high. In contrast, use of hexane in adhesives was limited. Solvent concentrations were five times higher in enterprises with ≤50 employees as compared with enterprises with ≥501 employees. Other findings are discussed.
Descriptors (primary) small enterprises; determination in air; organic solvents; Japan
Descriptors (secondary) printing industry; hexane; methanol; toluene; degreasing; adhesives; painting; sampling and analysis; uses; isopropyl alcohol
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceJapan
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Small and medium-sized enterprises