|Document ID (ISN)||106648|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0019-8366 - Industrial Health
|Convention or series no.
||Vitali M., Ensabella F., Stella D., Guidotti M.
||Exposure to organic solvents among handicraft car painters: A pilot study in Italy
||Apr. 2006, Vol.44, No.2, p.310-317. 49 ref.
||http://www.jniosh.go.jp/old/niih/en/indu_hel/2006/pdf/indhealth_44_2_310.pdf [in English]
||This study evaluated exposure to solvents in eight Italian car painting workshops using environmental sampling and personal sampling with charcoal samplers, and urinary determination of unmetabolized solvents. A simple regression analysis was performed to evaluate relationships between the three series of data. The solvents analysed were toluene, ethylbenzene, 1,2-dichloropropane, n-butylacetate, n-amylacetate, xylene isomers, ethylacetate and benzene. Benzene was found in all shops, at levels around or higher than the 8h time-weighted average limit (8h TWA). Other solvents were found at various levels, from 10-2 to 10-1 times the 8h TWA. Air concentrations of toluene, n-butylacetate, xylenes, and benzene were positively correlated with their urinary levels, while a negative correlation was found for ethylbenzene. The health implications of these exposure levels are discussed.
||small enterprises; Italy; coachwork; organic solvents; exposure evaluation; paint spraying
||threshold limit values; personal sampling; propylene dichloride; ethyl acetate; benzene; toluene; determination in urine; butyl acetate; n-amyl acetate; xylene; breathing atmosphere; determination in air; exposure tests; ethylbenzene
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Italy|
||Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)
||Small and medium-sized enterprises
Motor vehicle manufacturing industry