|Document ID (ISN)||106370|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1342-078X - Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Jaga K., Dharmani C.
||Ocular toxicity from pesticide exposure: A recent review
||May 2006, Vol.11, No.3, p.102-107. Illus. 33 ref.
||This literature survey reviews studies of ocular toxicity from pesticide exposure. Cholinesterase enzymes have been detected in animal ocular tissue, with evidence of organophosphate-induced inhibition. Pathological effects of pesticides have been observed in conjunctiva, cornea, lens, retina and the optic nerve. Pesticide exposure has been associated with retinopathy in agricultural workers and wives of farmers who used pesticides. Saku disease has been described in Japan among persons living in an area where organophosphates were used. Pesticide exposure is also associated with abnormal ocular movements. Progressive toxic ocular effects leading to defective vision are a serious health concern. Agricultural workers are at high risk of exposure to pesticides and associated ocular toxicity. Primary prevention should include improved eye safety and care in the workplace and effective pesticide regulation.
||toxic effects; agriculture; pesticides; diseases of eyes and related structures
||literature survey; visual function disorders; Japan; animal experiments; organophosphorus compounds; diseases of peripheral nervous system; epidemiological aspects
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||USA|
||Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)
||Diseases of the eye and vision damage