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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)106370
CIS number 07-388
ISSN - Serial title 1342-078X - Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Year 2006
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Jaga K., Dharmani C.
Title Ocular toxicity from pesticide exposure: A recent review
Bibliographic information May 2006, Vol.11, No.3, p.102-107. Illus. 33 ref.
Abstract This literature survey reviews studies of ocular toxicity from pesticide exposure. Cholinesterase enzymes have been detected in animal ocular tissue, with evidence of organophosphate-induced inhibition. Pathological effects of pesticides have been observed in conjunctiva, cornea, lens, retina and the optic nerve. Pesticide exposure has been associated with retinopathy in agricultural workers and wives of farmers who used pesticides. Saku disease has been described in Japan among persons living in an area where organophosphates were used. Pesticide exposure is also associated with abnormal ocular movements. Progressive toxic ocular effects leading to defective vision are a serious health concern. Agricultural workers are at high risk of exposure to pesticides and associated ocular toxicity. Primary prevention should include improved eye safety and care in the workplace and effective pesticide regulation.
Descriptors (primary) toxic effects; agriculture; pesticides; diseases of eyes and related structures
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; visual function disorders; Japan; animal experiments; organophosphorus compounds; diseases of peripheral nervous system; epidemiological aspects
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the eye and vision damage
Agriculture
Agricultural chemicals