ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)106275
CIS number 07-309
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2006
Convention or series no.
Author(s) 't Mannetje A., Pearce N.
Title Bladder cancer risk in sales workers: Artefact or cause for concern?
Bibliographic information Mar. 2006, Vol.49, No.3, p.175-186. Illus. 50 ref.
Abstract A large number of epidemiological studies have reported positive associations between bladder cancer and sales occupations. This study investigated whether these findings are likely to be due to chance, confounding or publication bias, or truly involve causal associations. Studies reporting bladder cancer risk-estimates for sales occupations were reviewed. Heterogeneity and publication bias were assessed using meta-analyses. Findings are discussed. Publication bias explained most of the reported increased bladder cancer risk, but sales-work still appeared to be associated with a small risk in women. Possible causal factors include lower frequency of urination and reduced fluid intake.
Descriptors (primary) bladder tumour; retail trade; sales forces
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; epidemiologic study; statistical evaluation; women; sex-linked differences; confounding factors
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceItaly; New Zealand
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Retail industry
Diseases of the kidney and the urinary system