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Document ID (ISN)106082
CIS number 07-154
ISSN - Serial title 0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
Year 2006
Convention or series no.
Author(s) L÷ffler H., Bruckner T., Diepgen T., Effendy I.
Title Primary prevention in health care employees: A prospective intervention study in a 3-year training period
Bibliographic information Apr. 2006, Vol.54, No.4, p.202-209. 50 ref.
Internet access 07-0154.pdf [in English]
Abstract Irritant contact dermatitis is a mayor problem in health care employees. This study investigates the efficiency of a special training program among health care apprentices. 521 apprentices from 14 nursing schools in Germany were randomly divided into an intervention group with a regular teaching protocol regarding all aspects of primary prevention and a control group without any further teaching. In the intervention group, a significantly better hand skin condition was observed at the end of the three-year training period than in the control group, with the prevalence of morphological skin changes of 66.7% and 89.3% respectively. The controls had an odds ratio of 4.8 for developing any skin changes on the hands after three years. Other findings are discussed. This study shows that primary prevention of skin disease by regularly teaching during the training period of medical employees can effectively reduce the risk of development of irritant skin changes of the hands.
Descriptors (primary) health programmes; health care personnel; skin protection; young persons; apprentices
Descriptors (secondary) protective gloves; Germany; skin creams; information of personnel; hand; case-control study; programme evaluation; skin diseases
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceGermany
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Health care services
Skin protection
Workplace health promotion