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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)105940
CIS number 06-1408
ISSN - Serial title 1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2005
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Hauser R., Calafat A.M.
Title Phthalates and human health
Bibliographic information Nov. 2005, Vol.62, No.11, p.806-818. Illus. 120 ref.
Abstract Phthalates are a group of man-made chemicals with a wide spectrum of industrial applications. High molecular weight phthalates are primarily used as plasticizers in the manufacture of flexible vinyl and low molecular weight phthalates are used in personal-care products, as solvents and plasticizers for cellulose acetate, and in making lacquers, varnishes, and coatings. Animal and human studies indicate that potential human health effects include developmental anomalies, male and female reproductive health effects and respiratory health effects. Occupational studies on the health risks of phthalates are very limited.
Descriptors (primary) health hazards; phthalates
Descriptors (secondary) embryotoxic effects; benzyl butyl phthalate; antifertility effects; hepatotoxic effects; routes of entry; metabolic process; dioctyl phthalate; diethyl phthalate; dibutyl phthalate; renal diseases; pulmonary function; urinary metabolites; animal experiments; endocrine effects; literature survey
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Genetic factors in reaction to exposures
Phthalates
Esters and salts