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Document ID (ISN)105931
CIS number 06-1371
ISSN - Serial title 1545-9624 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
Year 2006
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Lentz T.J., Wenzl T.B.
Title Small businesses with high fatality rates: Assessment of hazards and their prevention
Bibliographic information Feb. 2006, Vol.3, No.2, p.D8-D14. Illus. 19 ref.
Abstract Most of the U.S. workforce is employed in business establishments with fewer than 100 workers. Not only do a majority (56%) of employees work for small employers, but furthermore workplace fatality rates are frequently higher in those industries dominated by small workplaces. Similar patterns exist in the European Union, where the risk of fatal accidents in businesses with fewer than 50 workers is nearly double that for larger companies. Prevention of occupational illness and injury is often difficult in small business establishments because they typically have fewer safety and health resources, cannot hire staff specifically devoted to safety and health activities and lack the ability to identify occupational hazards and conduct surveillance. Based on previously published surveys and on a review of the literature, this investigation identified the characteristics of high-risk small business industries and assessed methods for creating and improving awareness of occupational hazards in the small business community.
Descriptors (primary) occupational accidents; fatalities; USA; small enterprises
Descriptors (secondary) safety consciousness; responsibilities of employers; frequency rates; safety programmes; role of government; risk factors
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Small and medium-sized enterprises