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Document ID (ISN)105862
CIS number 06-1414
ISBN(s) 2-89631-021-5
Year 2006
Convention or series no. Studies and Research Projects RA13-386
Author(s) Carrier G., Bouchard M., Noisel N., Bonvalot Y., Fradet S.
Title Impact of lowering of the permissible exposure value for formaldehyde - Health impact of an occupational exposure to formaldehyde
Bibliographic information Institut de recherche Robert Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, Jan. 2006. iii, 113p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: CAD 8.48. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
Internet access http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA13-386.pdf [in French]
Abstract This study provides an updated evaluation of the dose-response relationship between exposure to formaldehyde and the incidence of health effects reported in literature. Findings indicate that exposure to formaldehyde concentrations below 0.75ppm is unlikely to cause severe or moderate irritation of the eyes, nose or throat. Between 0.75 and 1ppm, 6.3% of the subjects may present signs of moderate eye irritation. At formaldehyde concentrations between 1 and 2ppm, this proportion increases to 10.1%, while between 2 and 3ppm, it increases to 12.5%. There are limited data on the carcinogenic effects of formaldehyde. This study was carried out within the framework of a large research programme aimed at evaluating the health and socio-economic impacts of lowering the current maximum permissible exposure value for formaldehyde from 2ppm to 1.0, 0.75 or 0.3ppm, as a maximum or 8-hr time-weighted average value (see CIS 04-642 to 04-651 and CIS 04-653 to 04-655).
Descriptors (primary) formaldehyde; Quebec; dose-response relationship; health hazards; permissible levels
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; threshold limit values; irritants; legislation; Canada; exposure evaluation; determination of exposure limits; carcinogens
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Country / State or ProvinceCanada
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Aldehydes
Occupational exposure limits