|Document ID (ISN)||105491|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1077-3525 - International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
|Convention or series no.
||Hoshuyama T., Pan G., Tanaka C., Feng Y., Yu L., Liu T., Liu L., Hanaoka T., Takahashi K.
||Mortality of iron-steel workers in Anshan, China: A retrospective cohort study
||July-Sep. 2006, Vol.12, No.3, p.193-202. 30 ref.
||http://www.ijoeh.com/pfds/IJOEH_1203_Hoshuyama.pdf [in English]
||Foundry workers have increased mortality and morbidity risks from numerous causes, including various cancers. A retrospective Chinese iron-steel cohort study was conducted to examine the mortality effects of exposure to foundry work. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) and standardized rate ratios (SRRs) were calculated to evaluate mortality risks among male workers with exposure to 15 hazardous factors, adjusting for confounders. During 14 years of follow-up, 13,363 out of 121,846 male workers died. SMR analysis showed a healthy-worker effect in comparison with the general population. SRR analysis showed increased risks for all causes, all neoplasms, and others among the exposed workers compared with non-exposed blue-collar workers. Combined exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and two or more dusts increased the risks of lung cancer (SRR=654; 95% CI: 113-3,780) and other malignancies. Foundry work has adverse health effects, including carcinogenic risks. [Abstract supplied by the journal]
||mortality; iron and steel industry; foundries; cancer
||China; airborne dust; long-term study; exposure evaluation; cohort study; polycyclic hydrocarbons
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||China; Japan|
|Broad subject area(s)
||Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Industries and occupations
||Foundries, metalcasting and forging operations
Iron and steel industry