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Document ID (ISN)105043
CIS number 06-624
ISSN - Serial title 1076-2752 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2005
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Luippold R.S., Mundt K.A., Dell L.D., Birk T.
Title Low-level hexavalent chromium exposure and rate of mortality among US chromate production employees
Bibliographic information Apr. 2005, Vol.47, No.4, p.381-385. 25 ref.
Abstract Although numerous studies have reported an elevated lung cancer risk among chromium chemical production employees, few studies have focused on employees hired after major process changes and enhanced industrial hygiene controls were implemented. This study examines the mortality experience of two post-change cohorts of chromate production employees in the USA. Mortality among chromium chemical workers generally was lower than expected on the basis of national and state-specific referent populations. Lung cancer mortality was 16% lower than expected, with only three lung cancer deaths (3.59 expected). The absence of an elevated lung cancer risk may indicate a favourable reflection of the post-change environment.
Descriptors (primary) chemical industry; USA; exposure; chromium and compounds; mortality
Descriptors (secondary) lung cancer; exposure evaluation; frequency rates; long-term study; cohort study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceGermany; USA
Subject(s) Chemicals, plastics and rubber
Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Chemical industry
Inorganic substances