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Document ID (ISN)104852
CIS number 06-364
ISSN - Serial title 0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2005
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Schütz A, Olsson M., Jensen A., Gerhardsson L., Börjesson J., Mattsson S., Skerfving S.
Title Lead in finger bone, whole blood, plasma and urine in lead-smelter workers: Extended exposure range
Bibliographic information Feb. 2005, Vol.78, No.1, p.35-43. Illus. 28 ref.
Abstract The objective of this study was to assess historical exposure to lead and to study the relationships between lead concentrations in whole blood (B-Pb), plasma (P-Pb), urine (U-Pb), finger bone (Bone-Pb) and duration of employment in workers at a secondary lead smelter and to compare the findings with those of studies of populations with a wide range of lead exposure. The study population included 39 workers at a German secondary lead smelter. The results were compared with data from previous studies of Swedish, Russian and Ecuadorian lead-exposed subjects. The high Bone-Pb values recorded for the German workers implied a historical lead exposure of considerable magnitude. The long-term high lead exposure also showed up in the B-Pb levels for both active and retired workers, leading to the implementation of safety measures in order to comply with biological threshold limits.
Descriptors (primary) lead and compounds; lead industry; exposure tests; long-term exposure
Descriptors (secondary) lead; length of service; determination in urine; determination in blood; determination in bones; limitation of exposure
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceGermany; Sweden
Subject(s) Metal production and metalworking
Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Inorganic substances
Biological monitoring
Smelting and refining operations
Lead and compounds