|Document ID (ISN)||104852|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
|Convention or series no.
||Schütz A, Olsson M., Jensen A., Gerhardsson L., Börjesson J., Mattsson S., Skerfving S.
||Lead in finger bone, whole blood, plasma and urine in lead-smelter workers: Extended exposure range
||Feb. 2005, Vol.78, No.1, p.35-43. Illus. 28 ref.
||06-0364.pdf [in English]
||The objective of this study was to assess historical exposure to lead and to study the relationships between lead concentrations in whole blood (B-Pb), plasma (P-Pb), urine (U-Pb), finger bone (Bone-Pb) and duration of employment in workers at a secondary lead smelter and to compare the findings with those of studies of populations with a wide range of lead exposure. The study population included 39 workers at a German secondary lead smelter. The results were compared with data from previous studies of Swedish, Russian and Ecuadorian lead-exposed subjects. The high Bone-Pb values recorded for the German workers implied a historical lead exposure of considerable magnitude. The long-term high lead exposure also showed up in the B-Pb levels for both active and retired workers, leading to the implementation of safety measures in order to comply with biological threshold limits.
||lead and compounds; lead industry; exposure tests; long-term exposure
||lead; length of service; determination in urine; determination in blood; determination in bones; limitation of exposure
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Germany; Sweden|
||Metal production and metalworking
Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)
Smelting and refining operations
Lead and compounds